Russian scientists have warned of a series of chaotic upheavals on the Sun’s 10,000-degree Fahrenheit surface, which might result in gigantic solar flares whipping the Earth on Monday, disrupting satellite communications on a massive scale.
Three solar flares were spotted on Sunday, according to scientists, with the Fedorov Institute of Applied Geophysics in Moscow stating that “Class X flares, including proton flares, are possible, and short-wave radio conditions are expected to deteriorate.”
X-class flares are the biggest bursts in the solar system and can cause long-lasting radiation storms. Proton flares are a solar intense particle storm made up primarily of protons.
Solar flares occur when the Sun’s enormous magnetic fields rejoin. According to Nasa, they have the ability to destroy satellites and communications equipment by affecting the Earth’s magnetic field.
A geomagnetic storm caused by a huge blast of radiation from the sun knocked out 40 of Elon Musk’s SpaceX satellites in 2022.
The Fedorov Institute reported three solar flares on Sunday, one of which lasted 14 minutes and caused a radio communication outage.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Space Weather Prediction Center reported earlier this month that a “strong radio blackout” happened recently in various portions of the United States.
“The flare came from a large and complex region denoted as sunspot group 3354,” according to NOAA, and it caused “temporary degradation or complete loss of High Frequency (HF) radio signals on some of the sunlit sides of Earth.”
According to the Independent, the big sunspot, AR3354, was discovered on June 27 and grew swiftly within two days to a size around ten times larger than Earth, prompting fears among space weather scientists.
According to Nasa, “Sunspots are dark areas on the Sun’s surface.” Because they are cooler than the rest of the Sun’s surface, they seem dark.”
“As magnetic field lines near sunspots reorganize, they cause explosions, resulting in solar flares.” It emits a significant amount of radiation into space. “The intense explosion emits radiation that can interfere with our radio communications here on Earth,” Nasa explained.
Aside from that, another source of concern is solar storms, which cause massive volumes of coronal mass ejection (CME) to travel from space and strike the Earth’s magnetic field.
Their effects may cause geomagnetic storms. Satellites, communication, internet access, and GPS might all be disrupted or damaged as a result. It might also create power outages.